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Bondage and the Environment in the Indian Ocean World


Bondage and the Environment in the Indian Ocean World


Palgrave Series in Indian Ocean World Studies

von: Gwyn Campbell

103,52 €

Verlag: Palgrave Macmillan
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 10.01.2018
ISBN/EAN: 9783319700281
Sprache: englisch

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Beschreibungen

Monsoon rains, winds, and currents have shaped patterns of production and exchange in the Indian Ocean world (IOW) for centuries. Consequently, as this volume demonstrates, the environment has also played a central role in determining the region’s systems of bondage and human trafficking. Contributors trace intricate links between environmental forces, human suffering, and political conditions, examining how they have driven people into servile labour and shaped the IOW economy. They illuminate the complexities of IOW bondage with case studies, drawn chiefly from the mid-eighteenth century, on Sudan, Cape Colony, Réunion, China, and beyond, where chattel slavery (as seen in the Atlantic world) represented only one extreme of a wide spectrum of systems of unfree labour. The array of factors examined here, including climate change, environmental disaster, disease, and market forces, are central to IOW history—and to modern-day forms of human bondage.
1. Introduction: Bondage and the Environment in the Indian Ocean World2. Abolition in the Midst of Turmoil: The Case of Tan Emperor Wu Zong (814-846 CE)3. Environment and Enslavement in Highland Madagascar, 1500-1750: The Case for the Swahili Slave Export Trade Reassessed4. Volcanoes, Refugees and Raiders: The 1765 Macaturin Eruption and the Rise of the Iranun5. The Environment and Slave Resistance in the Cape Colony6. A Local View on Global Climate and Migration Patterns: The Impact of Cyclones and Drought on the Routier Family and their Slaves in Ile Bourbon (La Réunion), 1770-18207. The Cyclone, the Meteorologist, the Planter and the Indentured Immigrant. The Strange Story of Selective Cyclone Damage in Reunion Island, 1840s-1870s8. Egypt’s Slaving Frontier: Environment, Enslavement, Social Transformations and the Local Use of Slaves in Sudan, 1780-18809. Environmental Knowledge and Resistance by Slave Transporters in the Nineteenth-Century Western Indian Ocean10. Environmental Disaster in Eastern Bengal: Colonial Capitalism and Rural Labour Force Formation in the Late Nineteenth Century11. Famine and Slavery in Africa’s Red Sea World, 1887-1914
Gwyn Campbell is Canada Research Chair and Founding Director of the Indian Ocean World Centre at McGill University, Canada. He is also the editor of the Palgrave Series in Indian Ocean World Studies, the founder and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Indian Ocean World Studies, and a recipient of the Humboldt Research Award (2017-2019).
Monsoon rains, winds, and currents have shaped patterns of production and exchange in the Indian Ocean world (IOW) for centuries. Consequently, as this volume demonstrates, the environment has also played a central role in determining the region’s systems of bondage and human trafficking. Contributors trace intricate links between environmental forces, human suffering, and political conditions, examining how they have driven people into servile labour and shaped the IOW economy. They illuminate the complexities of IOW bondage with case studies, drawn chiefly from the mid-eighteenth century, on Sudan, Cape Colony, Réunion, China, and beyond, where chattel slavery (as seen in the Atlantic world) represented only one extreme of a wide spectrum of systems of unfree labour. The array of factors examined here, including climate change, environmental disaster, disease, and market forces, are central to IOW history—and to modern-day forms of human bondage.
Presents the first serious study of the relationship between bondage and climate Comprises essays from leading experts on the history of bondage in the Indian Ocean world Examines the complex set of environmental, economic, and political conditions which have helped to drive and shape human bondage in the Indian Ocean world 
“This is a fascinating and important volume that challenges us to see how environmental conditions, along with systems of rule, helped shape practices of servitude in the Indian Ocean world. Brought together under the expert guidance of Gwyn Campbell, these rich chapters bring to life the specific effects of the relationship between political-economic policies and human struggles with climate, production, and debt.” (Mandana Limbert, Associate Professor of Anthropology, The Graduate Center at CUNY, USA)

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