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Electrically Conductive Polymers and Polymer Composites

From Synthesis to Biomedical Applications


Edited by Anish Khan, Mohammad Jawaid,
Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan, and Abdullah M. Asiri






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The editors are honoured to dedicate this book to the “Indians to maintain harmony, peace, and brotherhood on all religious and sensitive issues.”

About the Editors

Anish Khan is currently working as Assistant Professor at the Chemistry Department, Centre of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He completed his PhD from the Aligarh Muslim University, India in 2010. He has 13 years research experience working in the field of organic–inorganic electrically conducting nanocomposites and its applications in making chemical sensors. He completed his Postdoctoral from the School of Chemical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia (USM) in electroanalytical chemistry within 1 year. More than 100 research articles have been published in referred international journals. He has attended more than 10 international conferences/workshops and published two books and seven book chapters. He has also completed around 20 research projects. Managerial Editor of Chemical and Environmental Research (CER) Journal and Member of the American Nano Society, his field of specialization is polymer nanocomposite/cation exchangers/chemical sensors/microbiosensors/nanotechnology, applications of nanomaterials in electroanalytical chemistry, materials chemistry, ion-exchange chromatography, and electroanalytical chemistry, dealing with the synthesis, characterization (using different analytical techniques), and derivatization of inorganic ion exchanger by the incorporation of electrically conducting polymers. Preparation and characterization of hybrid nanocomposite materials and their applications, polymeric inorganic cation exchange materials, electrically conducting polymeric materials, composite material used as sensors, green chemistry by remediation of pollution, heavy metal ion-selective membrane electrodes, biosensors for neurotransmitters.

Dr Mohammad Jawaid is currently working as Senior Fellow Researcher (Associate Professor), at Biocomposite Technology Laboratory, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia and is also Visiting Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia since June 2013. He is also Visiting Scientist to TEMAG Laboratory, Faculty of Textile Technologies and Design at Istanbul Technical University, Turkey. Previously he worked as Visiting Lecturer, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) and also worked as Expatriate Lecturer under the UNDP project with the Ministry of Education of Ethiopia at Adama University, Ethiopia. He received his Ph.D. from Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia. He has more than 10 years of experience in teaching, research, and industries. His area of research interests includes hybrid reinforced/filled polymer composites, advance materials: graphene/nanoclay/fire retardant, lignocellulosic-reinforced/filled polymer composites, modification and treatment of lignocellulosic fibers and solid wood, nanocomposites, and nanocellulose fibers, polymer blends. So far he has published 13 books, 27 book chapters, and more than 195 international journal papers, and five published review papers under top 25 hot articles in ScienceDirect during 2013–2015. He is also the Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Malaysian Polymer Journal, Guest Editor of Special issue-Current Organic Synthesis, Current Analytical Chemistry, International Journal of Polymer Science, and Editorial board member-Journal of Asian Science Technology and Innovation. Beside that he is also reviewer of several high-impact ISI journals of Elsevier, Springer, Wiley, Saga, and so on. Presently he is supervising 20 PhD students and 8 Master’s students in the field of hybrid composites, green composites, nanocomposites, natural-fiber-reinforced composites, nanocellulose, and so on. Seven PhD and four Master students graduated under his supervision in 2015–2017. He has several research grants at the university, national and international level on polymer composites of around RM 3 million (USD 700 000). He also delivered the Plenary and Invited Talk in International Conferences related to composites in India, Turkey, Malaysia, Thailand, and China. Beside that he is also a member of the technical committee of several national and international conferences on composites and materials science.

Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan is currently working as Assistant Professor, Chemistry Department, Centre of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR), Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He has a PhD from the Aligarh Muslim University, India, on the topic preparation and characterization of nanomaterials and their applications in drug delivery systems. Major fields are Materials Science, Medicinal Chemistry. He has published two books and more than 100 research papers. His research encompasses all aspects of polymer composites, homogenous catalysis, doped metal nanoparticle synthesis, and characterization as well as novel application in environmental studies, chemical sensing, drug delivery systems for mechanistic and interaction studies using a wide range of spectroscopic techniques and thermodynamic parameters.

Abdullah M. Asiri is Professor in the Chemistry Department, – Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University. A PhD (1995) from the University of Wales, College of Cardiff, UK on Tribochromic compounds and their applications. He has published more than 1000 research articles and 20 books. Currently the chairman of the Chemistry Department, King Abdulaziz University, he also serves as the director of the Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research. Director of Education Affairs Unit–Deanship of Community services. Member of Advisory committee for advancing materials, National Technology Plan (King Abdulaziz City of Science and Technology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia). Color chemistry, Synthesis of novel photochromic, thermochromic systems, novel colorants, coloration of textiles, plastics, Molecular modeling, Applications of organic materials into optics such as OEDS, High-performance organic dyes and pigments. New applications of organic photochromic compounds in new novelty. Organic synthesis of heterocyclic compounds as precursor for dyes. Synthesis of polymers functionalized with organic dyes. Preparation of some coating formulations for different applications. Photodynamic thereby using Organic Dyes and Pigments Virtual Labs and Experimental Simulations. He is member of the Editorial board of Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, Journal of King Abdulaziz University, Pigment and Resin Technology Journal, Organic Chemistry Insights, Libertas Academica, Recent Patents on Materials Science, Bentham Science Publishers Ltd. Beside that he has professional membership of the International and National Society and professional bodies.


The current book deals about the conductive polymer nanocomposite about the device advancement. The current focus of the book is the preparation and applications of the polymer conductive nanocomposite for biological applicability. The conducting polymer composites are the material of current era and are in demand. The polymer conductive nanocomposites are the field of the multidisciplinary use in science and technology that’s why this composite are different from rest of the material currently in the market. The special characteristic of the book is that it presents a unified knowledge of conductive polymer composite on the basis of characterization, design, manufacture, and applications. This book has collective information about the conducting polymer nanocomposite special attention to the bio devices applications. This book benefits to the lecturers, students, researchers, and industrialist who are working in the field of material science with special attention to conducting polymer based composites. Present book on polymer conducting composite for electronic devices is a valuable reference book, hand book, and text book for teaching, learning, and research in both academic and industrial interest.

This book cover a wide range of the topics on the conducting polymer composite particularly multifunctional polymer-dilute magnetic conductor, polymer-inorganic nanocomposite, carbon nanomaterials based conducting polymer composites, synthesis of polyaniline-based nanocomposite, and self-healing conductive materials.

We are highly thankful to contributors of book chapters who provided us their valuable innovative ideas and knowledge in this edited book. We attempt to gather information related to conducting polymer composites bio-device application from diverse fields around the world (Malaysia, India, Korea, USA, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and so on) and finally complete this venture in a fruitful way. We greatly appreciate contributor’s commitment for their support to compile our ideas in reality. We are highly thankful to Wiley team for their generous cooperation at every stage of the book production.

30th Nov, 2017

Anish Khan, Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan,
and Abdullah M. Asiri
Saudi Arabia
Mohammad Jawaid